2022, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 72 (10)

Nan Mei1​,†​Anne Postec1​Manon Bartoli1​Céline Vandecasteele2​Laura Wils1​Lisa Gil2​Christophe Monnin3​Bernard Pelletier4​Gael Erauso1​Marianne Quéméneur1​


An anaerobic, hydrogenotrophic methane-producing archaeon was isolated from an alkaline thermal spring (42 °C, pH 9.0) in New Caledonia. This methanogen, designated strain CANT, is alkaliphilic, thermotolerant, with Gram-positive staining non-motile cells. Strain CANT grows autotrophically using hydrogen exclusively as an energy source and carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source (without the requirement of yeast extract or other organic compounds). It grows at 20–45 °C (optimum, 45 °C) and pH 7.3–9.7 (optimum, pH 9.0). NaCl is not required for growth (optimum 0 %) but is tolerated up to 1.5 %. It resists novobiocin, streptomycin and vancomycin but is inhibited by ampicillin and penicillin, among other antibiotics. The genome consists of a circular chromosome (2.2 Mb) containing 2126 predicted protein-encoding genes with a G+C content of 36.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CANT is a member of the genus Methanobacterium , most closely related to the alkaliphilic Methanobacterium alcaliphilum WeN4T with 98.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. The genomes of strain CANT and M. alcaliphilum DSM 3459, sequenced in this study, share 71.6 % average nucleotide identity and 14.0 % digital DNA–DNA hybridization. Therefore, phylogenetic and physiological results indicate that strain CANT represents a novel species, for which the name Methanobacterium alkalithermotolerans sp. nov. is proposed, and strain CANT (=DSM 102889T= JCM 31304T) is assigned as the type strain.

  • Received: 27/05/2022
  • Accepted: 26/07/2022
  • Published Online: 19/10/2022

Keyword(s): alkaline thermal spring , alkaliphile , Archaea , extremophile , hydrogen , hydrogenotrophic , methane , Methanobacteriaceae , Methanobacterium alkalithermotolerans and methanogen


This study was supported by the:

  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
    • Principle Award Recipient: MarianneQuéméneur



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