2021,  International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 71(5), 004810. 

Quéméneur, M., Erauso, G., Bartoli, M., Vandecasteele, C., Wils, L., Gil, L., Monnin, C., Pelletier, B., Postec, A


A novel anaerobic, alkaliphilic, mesophilic, Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming bacterium was isolated from an alkaline thermal spring (42 °C, pH 9.0) in New Caledonia. This bacterium, designated strain LB2T, grew at 25–50 °C (optimum, 37 °C) and pH 8.2–10.8 (optimum, pH 9.5). Added NaCl was not required for growth (optimum, 0–1 %) but was tolerated up to 7 %. Strain LB2T utilized a limited range of substrates, such as peptone, pyruvate, yeast extract and xylose. End products detected from pyruvate fermentation were acetate and formate. Both ferric citrate and thiosulfate were used as electron acceptors. Elemental sulphur, nitrate, nitrite, fumarate, sulphate, sulfite and DMSO were not used as terminal electron acceptors. The two major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0. The genome consists of a circular chromosome (3.7 Mb) containing 3626 predicted protein-encoding genes with a G+C content of 36.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the isolate is a member of the family Proteinivoraceae , order Clostridiales within the phylum Firmicutes . Strain LB2T was most closely related to the thermophilic Anaerobranca gottschalkii LBS3T(93.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity). Genome-based analysis of average nucleotide identity and digital DNA–DNA hybridization of strain LB2T with A. gottschalkii LBS3T showed respective values of 70.8 and 13.4 %. Based on phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and physiological properties, strain LB2T is proposed to represent the first species of a novel genus, for which the name Alkalicella caledoniensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain LB2T=DSM 100588T=JCM 30958T).

  • Received: 25/09/2020
  • Accepted: 15/04/2021
  • Published Online: 18/05/2021

Keyword(s): Alkalicella caledoniensis , alkaline thermal spring , alkaliphilic , anaerobic , Firmicutes and Proteinivoraceae


This study was supported by the:

  • ANR MICROPRONY (Award 19-CE02-0020-02)
    • Principle Award Recipient: NotApplicable



No responses yet

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse e-mail ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *